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Get internal and external IP address on Mac with Bash

Frequently while coding I need to know the internal and external IP address of my development machine. For example, when your machine is serving a website from a locally running web server, the internal IP address can be used to test the site from a smartphone browser connected to the same network. Likewise, the external IP address is useful when you want to make a local web server publicly accessible or when you need to whitelist your IP address in the firewall settings of an external server.

To help with the above, I wrote a simple Bash function that will list the internal IP address for active wifi and ethernet connections as well as the external IP address on a Mac (tested on OS X Yosemite). When you run the function from the terminal, you’ll see something like this:

seanw@mac:~$ myip
Internal IP address (wired): none
Internal IP address (wifi):
External IP address:

To make this function available from the command-line, add the following to your .bash_profile:

myip() {
  external_ip=`dig +short 2> /dev/null || echo none`

  echo "Internal IP address (wired): "`ipconfig getifaddr en1 || echo none`
  echo "Internal IP address (wifi):  "`ipconfig getifaddr en0 || echo none`
  echo "External IP address:         $external_ip"